Speech and Language Department
sstecker @tewksburyschools.org~ 908-832-2594 x3056
Hello and welcome to the Speech and Language webpage! We are the full-time Speech-Language Pathologists at Tewksbury School District and we work with students to improve a number of areas. Eligible students receive services to meet their individual needs in the following areas:
· Articulation – the production of speech sounds
· Expressive Language – the ability to use verbal and nonverbal communication skills
· Receptive Language – the ability to understand language
· Voice – the ability to use appropriate rate, volume, and tone of voice
· Speech Fluency – the ability to produce smooth, flowing speech
Frequently Asked Questions
Q. How do I enroll my child in speech therapy?
A. Students must be evaluated by a Speech-Language Specialist. Evaluation results determine whether or not a child is eligible for Speech services.
Q. How can I get my child evaluated for Speech services?
A. Parents are encouraged to speak to their child’s classroom teacher about possible concerns. If the teacher agrees, she/ he can submit a referral for a Speech evaluation.
Q. How does a child become eligible for services?
A. Standardized tests are used in the evaluation process. These results are one component to determine eligibility. The other major component is that a negative educational impact is present, secondary to the child’s speech difficulties. This negative educational impact must be documented by the classroom teacher.
Q. What happens if my child qualifies for Speech services?
A. A meeting will be held and an Individualized Education Program (IEP) will be developed. The IEP outlines the student’s goals and services, based on his/ her individual needs.
Q. What happens if my child does not qualify for Speech services?
A. Strategies and techniques will be provided to parents, as appropriate.
Speech Therapy Guidelines (TES ~ K-4)
- Students receive a Speech folder to hold materials, homework, parent-teacher communication log, and a sticker chart.
- Students receive stickers each day that they attend Speech, have their Speech folder, and have appropriate behavior.
- Stickers are not awarded when students do not complete homework, or do not follow rules/ act in a disruptive manner.
- Students are instructed to keep their Speech folder in their backpack. This ensures that parents have access to the folder, and it is available if a session is held on a different day than regularly scheduled.
- Therapy is only one part of remediation. Practice at home is a key component to the process and often produces faster results.
Iowa-Nebraska Articulation Norms
This chart shows at what age males and females are expected to acquire consonants. The norms were established as a part of the Iowa-Nebraska Articulation Norms Project. Vowel sounds are currently considered intact by age three.
m, n, h, w, p, b, d
m, h, w, p, b, d
3 1/2 years
t, d, k, f-
k, g, n, f-
t, y, tw, kw
4 1/2 years
5 1/2 years
tw, kw, -f, v
v, -f, pl, bl, kl, gl, fl
l-, pl, bl, kl, gl, fl
sh, ch, j, -l, voiceless th
voiced th, z, s, spl, sp, sm, st, sn, sk, skw, sw, sl, sh, ch, j, -l, -ng
z, s, sp, st, sk, sm, sn, sw, sl, skw, spl, sp, -ng
voiceless th, r-, pr, br, tr, dr, kr, fr, gr, -er
r-, pr, br, kr, fr, tr, dr, gr, -er
thr, str, spr, sk
thr, spr, str, skr
Speech and Language Development
Speech development begins at birth with the baby’s first cry. Children also master speech sounds at different rates. By age 8, children should be able to say all speech sounds correctly.
Birth – 3 months
3 – 6 months
6 – 12 months
12 – 18 months
1 ½ - 2 years
3 – 5 years
Language development begins at birth. Some children develop language faster and some more slowly than others. By 5, most children have mastered basic elements of adult language.
Birth – 6 months
7 – 12 months
12 – 24 months
2 – 3 years
3 – 5 years
Ways to Increase Language Skills at Home
(I want _______, please).
Remember – approximations are the first step!
If your child is unable to label an item, provide the model and have him/ her repeat you.
Every attempt at communication needs to be praised and encouraged!